player's region code is set by the manufacturer according to where
it will be sold. This disc coding cannot be changed by the consumer.
Manufacturers can opt to program a disc to play in any combination
of the world's regions. Some DVD players may have been altered
unlawfully by consumers or companies to play DVDs coded for more
than one region. However, some new DVDs are now employing RCE
(Regional Code Enhancement), a more robust technology designed
to halt this unauthorised practice. A disc's regional coding is
listed on its product page. dvdorchard will not accept returns
if your player is altered and unable to play a RCE disc.
majority of the DVDs that we carry (and on-sell to you) are coded
for Region 4 and are not intended (and unsuitable) for sale outside
of Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Central America, Mexico,
South America, and the Caribbean.
order to play these discs you would need to have either a Region
4 DVD player or a player modified to read such discs. Note that
modifications to DVD players differ from player to player and
that there are two basic methods. The first method is that the
player is modified to become a Region 0 player, or a player that
effectively ignores the region coding - note that movie studio's
are starting to cater for this modification in their protection
methods. The second method, and perhaps more long-term, is that
the player is modified so that the user can instruct it to behave
like a player from the region required to play an individual disc.
Often the instruction to the dvd player is via a security code
entered by the remote control. With this method the coding on
the disc sees the player as being of the correct region.
can determine the region number of your disc or player by looking
for a small, standardized globe icon with the region number superimposed
on it. If a disc plays in more than one region it will have more
than one number on the globe. If a disc does not have any regional
coding it will say "ALL" for all regions.
Why are there eight regions ?
Coding allows disc manufacturers to control the release pattern
of movies on DVD. This means that movies from Region 1 (USA &
Canada) WILL NOT play on an unmodified DVD player coded for regions
2 through to 6. Effectively, Region 1 discs play only on Region
1 unmodified DVD players, Region 4 discs play only on Region 4
unmodified DVD players and so on.
movies are released on DVD at different times around the world,
typically America and Canada first, Australia and Japan 6 months
later, and Europe 12 months after US release. (This is similar
to the worldwide release pattern of major U.S.-made motion pictures.)
In some instances, DVD movies are available for purchase in America
and Canada before they are released in European and Australian
cinemas. Due to the high quality of DVD and the movie release
system used by Hollywood, 8 regions were established to prevent
people from watching Region 1 movies before they were released
in Regions 2 to 8.
How can I access the parental controls on DVDs that offer this
A: Region 4 DVDs are coded by the manufacturer with a rating system
that corresponds to the Australian movie ratings system. In other
regions of the world, similar systems, native to that area, are
used. DVD players allow parents to limit what version of a movie
the player will show, and manufacturers can code the DVDs to allow
playback only on players set to allow that rating level. The rating
setting on the player is accessed from the player's internal setup
menu, which is usually called "setup" on your remote
How do I change the camera angles on DVDs that offer this feature?
A: DVDs that offer multiangle capability will usually indicate
this feature on the packaging or in the onscreen menu. When a
multiangle segment is available on the DVD, you can change the
view by pressing the angle button on the remote control.
What is DVD Audio ?
Do all DVD players play DVD Audio Discs ?
What is DVD Music ?
What is the difference between DVD-A vs. other forms
of DVD ?
How is a DVD-V (visual) different than a DVD-A (audio)
What makes a DVD sound better than a regular CD
Why is DVD-Audio uncompressed rather than compressed
Can I play DVD-Audio discs on a CD player ?
Can I play DVD-Audio discs on a current DVD-Video
Can I listen to CDs on a DVD-Audio player ?
Can I play DVD-Video discs on a DVD-Audio player
What other kinds of DVD-Audio players will be available
What kinds of music will be available on DVD-Audio
What new interactive features are possible with
Do I need a full home theater set-up to enjoy DVD-Audio
Will my DVD-Audio player require me to add new equipment
to my current system ?
What is DVD Audio ?
A: DVD Audio is a new high quality sound format which features
higher dynamic range and higher sampling rate than standard CD(PCM)
Do all DVD players play DVD Audio Discs ?
A: No. The DVD Video player must be DVD Audio capable. This format
is newer than the DVD video format.
What is DVD Music?
A: DVD Music is an audio revolution! If you think that the stereo
compact disc is still the clearest musical listening experience
available, you need to experience the difference that six channels
make. It's as dramatic as the
difference between black and white to color, or mono to stereo.
With DVD music, you can experience true six-channel surround sound
with a quality that's far superior to today's CD. DVD Music allows
you to get inside the
music as if you are in the recording studio, or on stage, with
your favorite artists.
term "DVD Music" was coined by the 5.1 Entertainment
Group to represent their line of audio DVD titles on the Silverline
and immergent labels. These DVDs contain three audio layers: Dolby
Digital AC3, DTS
and the DVD Audio (DVD-A) that will be added when the format becomes
Music products include the following features:
Plays on all DVD players and DVD-ROM drives
Stunning six-channel "surround sound" audio
More than twice the quality of today's CD using two speaker
stereo or six-channel "surround"
A wide variety of value-added content possibilities including
video, photos, lyrics, artist commentary, discographies, etc.
Can be enjoyed as an audio experience alone, or in conjunction
with a TV to access the visual arrays.
What is the difference between DVD-A vs. other forms of DVD?
A: When the specification was originally made, the term DVD represented
a Digital Video Disc. However, once it was discovered that the
DVD medium could store more information than was necessary to
show movies, the name was changed to Digital Versatile Disc. Following
are some common terms and their meanings:
CD = Compact Disc
DVD = Digital Versatile Disc (formerly: Digital Video Disc)
DVD-V = DVD-Video (Sub-specification of DVD)
DVD-A = DVD-Audio (Sub-specification of DVD)
How is a DVD-V (visual) different than a DVD-A (audio)?
A: The DVD-V specification was technically designed and engineered
for superior visuals and the DVD-A specification was technically
designed and engineered for superior audio. The video possibilities
are greater on the DVD-Video discs, but the audio on DVD-A discs
far surpasses the audio on the DVD-V discs.
What makes a DVD sound better than a regular CD?
A: Both a CD and a DVD store digital information. The "Red-Book"
specification is the standard for CDs, however, it was created
years ago when sound experts could not foresee the advances in
sound technology. When the DVD-V (Video) Specification was created,
it allowed for a discreet 6-channel sound at a higher sample and
bit rate (making it sound superior to a CD). Because the specification
is still compressed audio (AC-3 and DTS),
a little fidelity is lost in the process and the end product is
far from the quality that engineers experience in the actual studio
where music and sound is created. DVD-A (Audio), the most recent
specification, allows for fewer graphics but allows for more of
the sound experience within the music. The sound of DVD-A is more
advanced than most music/sound studios can offer because the audio
is not compressed in the traditional sense, but instead is compressed
by MLP (Meridian Lossless Compression).
is a technical term that refers to the data on the DVD-A disc
being "compressed" so information off the disc can be
physically extracted quickly. The MLP process is far superior
and AC-3. Though technically incorrect, a good comparison is the
example of zip-packing information on a PC. A program on a computer
that has been zip-compressed, will be exactly the same after it
is decompressed. The same goes for the audio on a DVD-A disc.
Why is DVD-Audio uncompressed rather than compressed?
A: The DVD-Audio format is designed to deliver the highest fidelity
possible. No lossy compression is used on any primary audio content.
However, uncompressed audio files tend to be large, and they require
more storage capacity. Because of these constraints, as an option
to the content provider, the DVD-Audio format features a special
form of lossless coding called Meridian Lossless Packing (MLP).
The key difference between lossy coding and lossless coding, is
that MLP does not discard any audio information. All of the audio
content is completely and accurately reconstructed from an MLP
file, achieving the ultimate in fidelity.
utilizing MLP lossless coding, a DVD-Audio disc can deliver up
to 6-channels of 96kHz/24-bit surround sound. (top)
Can I play DVD-Audio discs on a CD player?
A: No, DVD-Audio discs cannot be played on a conventional CD player.
Can I play DVD-Audio discs on a current DVD-Video player?
A: The DVD-Audio disc package will indicate if a particular release
includes an optional audio mix that will play on existing DVD-Video
players. This is in addition to the DVD-Audio recordings contained
on the same disc.
Can I listen to CDs on a DVD-Audio player?
A: Yes, CDs will play on DVD-Audio players just as they do on
practically all DVD-Video players. Listeners can continue to enjoy
their CD library while adding DVD-Audio discs to their music collection.
Can I play DVD-Video discs on a DVD-Audio player?
A: Yes, if it is a "combination" player that is compatible
with DVD-Video. Models with this capability will carry the DVD-Video
or the DVD-Audio/Video logo.
What other kinds of DVD-Audio players will be available?
A: As the format continues to mature, a wide variety of DVD-Audio
home, car and portable players are being introduced.
What kinds of music will be available on DVD-Audio?
A: All genres of music are currently being released, which included
popular catalog titles that have been remixed and remastered to
bring the listener closer than ever to the master recording. New
titles will emerge that have been recorded with DVD-Audio's capabilities
What new interactive features are possible with DVD-Audio?
A:DVD-Audio allows for a variety of playback options including
simply pushing the play button to go right to music playback.
Users may also choose the on-screen menus to navigate to such
options as artist biographies, lyrics, photo galleries, catalog
or discographies and video clips. Some titles may also link to
related websites when used on a DVD-Audio capable DVD-ROM drive.
Do I need a full home theater set-up to enjoy DVD-Audio?
A: No, you do not need a home theater system to enjoy the high-quality
stereo music of a DVD-Audio disc. However, you will need a 5.1
channel surround sound system to take full advantage of DVD-Audio
discs that feature surround sound music.
Will my DVD-Audio player require me to add new equipment to my
A: If you are interested only in hearing music in two-channel
stereo, your current system will work just fine. However, a television
monitor will be needed to see the visual features that are available
on DVD-Audio discs.
multi-channel DVD-Audio discs, current DVD-Audio players require
a surround sound receiver, preamplifier or decoder with six discrete
analog inputs, each corresponding to the various channels in the
surround sound field (LF, CTR, RF, LR, RR, LFE).
sound music frequently uses the rear surround sound channels in
a way that is different from movie soundtracks. If you have small
rear speakers or speakers that are not matched sonically to your
front mains and center speaker, you may want to upgrade them so
all of your speakers are matched sonically.
if you want to hear the best quality possible, you may want to
consider upgrading your home theater system to new components
that are specially designed to reproduce the full bandwidth that
is available from DVD-Audio discs.
What are they ?
A: Superbit DVDs are more technologically advanced than
your normal DVD. Data normally used for value-added content is
reallocated. Superbit DVDs can be encoded at double their
normal bit rate while maintaining full compatibility with the
DVD-Video format. The result is picture quality that provides
outstanding detail and is the closest to the original master available
on DVD to date. Superbit DVDs play on all DVD players.
What happened to all the special features ?
A: Currently DVDs are encoded to optimize space for the feature
plus added value (special features) and audio streams. The Superbit
collection converts the physical space devoted to added value
to higher bit rate video transfer and both Dolby Digitial 5.1
and DTS audio. So you're giving up your special features for increased
quality on the feature.
UMD (Universal Media Disc)
What are they ?
A: The purported features/perceived benefits of UMDs are:
New global format
Large capacity (3x CD-ROM)
Media for games, music, movies, publishing
Lower manufacturing cost vs. cartridge
Parental lock system
UMD are playable in Sony's PSP (Portable Playstation) consoles and access is controlled by Region coding in a manner
similar to DVDs. Whilst region coding has been applied to most UMD movies however, this restriction mechanism is not enabled for the PSP game releases.
HD-DVD (High-Definition DVD)
What are they ?
A: HD-DVD (High Density DVD, High-Definition DVD or High Definition Digital Video Disc) is a high-density optical disc format designed for the storage of high-definition video and data. It is currently in a format war against the Blu-ray disc.
By definition, the HD-DVD is a high-definition extension of the DVD optical disc format. An HD-DVD disc can store substantially more data than a standard DVD, because of the shorter wavelength (405 nm) of the blue-violet laser (DVDs use a 650-nm-wavelength red laser and CDs an infrared 780 nm laser), which allows more information to be stored digitally in the same amount of physical space.
In comparison to the Blu-ray Disc, which also uses a blue laser, HD-DVD has less information capacity per layer (15 gigabytes instead of 25).
HD-DVD Region Coding: - none at the time of writing.
For more info regarding this new and exciting progression in DVDs read this PDF, a document produced in 2005 by the DVD Forum.
What are they ?
A: The Blu-ray Disc or BD is a high-density optical disc format designed for storage of high-definition video and data. The name Blu-ray Disc (BD) is derived from the blue-violet laser it uses to read and write to the disc. A Blu-ray Disc can store substantially more data than the common DVD format, because of the shorter wavelength (405 nm) of the blue-violet laser (DVDs use a 650-nm-wavelength red laser and CDs use an infrared 780 nm laser), which allows more information to be stored digitally in the same amount of space.
In comparison to HD-DVD, which also uses a blue laser, Blu-ray Disc has more information capacity per layer (currently 25GB, but test media is up to 200GB).
For more info regarding the competition for HD-DVD visit Blu-Raydisc.com.
Blu-Ray Disc Region Coding:
||North America, South America, Central America, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and S.E. Asia except for China
||Europe, Middle East, Africa, Australia and New Zealand
||Russia, China, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Central and South Asia
3D Blu-Ray Discs
What are they ?
A: A 3D Blu-ray Disc is a normal Blu-Ray disc as above. It contains 3D content viewable in its intended form only by using a 3D Blu-Ray player AND a 3D TV. Such a disc will also
play in a standard 2D Blu-Ray player without any loss of quality, color, frame rate, or resolution.
What is it ?
A: UltraViolet is a free, cloud-based digital rights collection that gives you greater flexibility with how and where you watch the movies and TV shows that you purchase. It is/will replace Digital Copies/Downloads.
At dvdorchard we sell physical products. As such, if the presence of Ultraviolet is mentioned on an item then it means the purchase of that item includes Ultraviolet download and streaming rights.
What are they ?
A: DualDiscs are a type of double-sided optical disc product developed by a group of record companies. They feature an audio layer similar to a CD (but not following the Red Book CD Specifications) on one side and a standard DVD layer on the other.
DualDiscs appear to be based on double-sided DVD technology such as DVD-10, DVD-14 and DVD-18 except that DualDisc technology replaces one of the DVD sides with a CD. The discs are made by fusing together a standard 0.6 mm-thick DVD layer (4.7-gigabyte storage capacity) to a 0.9 mm-thick CD layer (60-minute or 525-megabyte storage capacity), resulting in a 1.5 mm-thick double-sided hybrid disc that contains CD content on one side and DVD content on the other.
How a DualDisc works
Because the DualDisc CD layer does not conform to Red Book specifications, Philips and Sony have refused to allow DualDisc titles to carry the CD logo and most DualDiscs contain one of two warnings:
"This disc is intended to play on standard DVD and CD players. May not play on certain car, slot load players and mega-disc changers."
"The audio side of this disc does not conform to CD specifications and therefore not all DVD and CD players will play the audio side of this disc."
The DVD side of a DualDisc completely conforms to the specifications set forth by the DVD Forum and DualDiscs have been cleared to use the DVD logo.
SACD (Super Audio CD)
What are they ?
A: Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical audio disc aimed at providing much higher fidelity digital audio reproduction than the compact disc. SACD uses a very different technology from CD and DVD-Audio to encode its audio data, a 1-bit delta-sigma modulation process known as Direct Stream Digital at the very high sampling rate of 2.8224 MegaHertz — with the typical sampling rate present on audio CDs currently being 44.1kHz.
SACDs must always contain a 2-channel stereo mix and may optionally contain a surround mix (usually the 5.1 layout) as well - the correct designation of which is "multi-channel", and usually has a "Multi-Ch" logo on the back cover.
There are three types of SACDs:
Hybrid: The most popular of the three types, hybrid discs include an audio CD "Red Book" layer compatible with Compact Disc players, dubbed the "CD layer," and a 4.7 GB SACD layer, dubbed the "HD layer."
Single layer: Physically a DVD-5 DVD, a single layer SACD includes a 4.7 GB SACD layer with no CD layer (i.e. one HD layer only). This type was often used by Sony Music Entertainment.
Dual layer: Physically a DVD-9 DVD, a dual layer SACD includes two SACD layers with no CD layer (i.e. two HD layers). This type is rarely used.
For more info regarding the this format visit Sony Music SACD FAQ's.
What are they ?
A: Digital Copies are DVDs that are compatible with iTunes and/or Windows Media - check the individual discs. A Digital Copy can be easily transferred to your computer, Video iPod, iPhone, and other portable